System change – an uphill task
People have become wary of parliamentary system for its failure in delivering as per aspirations of common people. A general debate is in the air to replace it with the presidential system. Quaid-e-Azam supported presidential system, for the British parliamentary system has not succeeded in any other country except UK and this system does not suit to Pakistan. His note reflects had he remained alive for more 8 to 10 years he would have definitely enforced presidential system in the country through constitution. Quaid-e-Azam favored presidential system given particular socio-economic conditions of Pakistan marked with feudalism and low literacy rate. Contesting elections on national or provincial assembly seat is not an easy job because it costs so heavily that a poor man cannot even think of entering into political arena. Bhutto championed the cause of poor masses and he apparently spearheaded the movement against the feudal class but became the party of feudal at the end of the day. Despite being the so called pro poor leader he delivered the 1973 constitution which provides for the parliamentary system of government. Because he was a feudal lord and his survival in national politics like other feudalists lied in the parliamentary system.
All the prime ministers who have come to power through parliamentary system have allegedly been found involved in corruption. Corruption and corrupt practices were was hallmark of the Bhutto regime. Benazir Bhutto was given the title of most corrupt lady of Asia. Zardari got the opportunity of committing corruption due to Benazir Bhutto. Former prime minister Nawaz Sharif, Pervez Musharraf, Yusuf Raza Gillani and others also indulged in corrupt practices because of parliamentary system.
The parliamentary system is a business. Only billionaires contest elections. Feudal lords, industrialists and those having ill-gotten money, property dawns and other influential persons can jump into electoral fields with so much ease. They use devious means to attract the people to seek their votes. Attractive delusive slogans are the major weapons in their hands to allure the poor, backward and illiterate people.
They exploit the poor masses on their problems and win their support. They make tall and false claims of launching welfare projects for the masses, providing them jobs, health care facilities, basic amenities and educational facilities.
When they step in parliament they completely depart from their electoral pledges as if they have never made any such promise. They become invisible creature for the people of their respective constituencies. They sell out job s, permits and false promises to deprive the people of their hard earned money.
This group of exploiters make way to the parliament on the crutches of sweeping influence and stature. Some are electables and their seat is an inherited seat which cannot be snatched from them. They are high profile men in the process of government making . Their votes are allegedly put to auction and the highest bidder wins over them by dint his wealth.
The parliamentary system suits these upper classes because attracting the people on delusive hopes and later minting money by enchasing their victory is their hereditary hall mark. The philosophy of respecting the vote is rooted in the fact that it easy to grab votes from lower strata of society to reach corridors of power.
Replacing the Parliamentary system with presidential system is an uphill task because the feudal mindset will never allow it for the sake of their vested interests. No one can even think of change in socio-economic system through national assembly dominated by the affluent people and feudal mindset.